Natural stones have always been preferred for constructing aesthetically appealing building exteriors and interior structures. These stones are especially preferred for bathroom and kitchen countertops and worktops. One of the most famous natural stones is granite; the stone has found its way from tombs and monuments to designing home projects thanks to its durability and appealing natural beauty. Several landmarks have also been built using high-quality granite, such as the New York City Public and Mount Rushmore.
But how much do you know about this beautiful natural stone? What type of rock granite is? Where does granite come from, and how is it made? Let’s find out.
Granite -The Famous Igneous Rock
The name granite is derived from the word “Granum,” which is the Latin word for grain. Granite is found deeper into the Earth’s crust and is formed by extreme heat and pressure.
Granite is a world-famous igneous rock that forms when crystals inside the Earth’s magma slowly crystallize into a light-coloured rock having large grains of different minerals. About 95% of Earth’s surface is made up of granite and other igneous rocks but what is granite made of.
The composition of granite igneous rock consists of quartz, feldspar, small amounts of mica, amphiboles, and other organic minerals. This gives granite rock different shades of pink, white, grey, and red on the surface. Some rare granite forms also come in blue, green, black, and gold in colours.
Due to its durable nature, excellent aesthetic appearance, and low maintenance stature, this natural stone has become a dominant choice for building exterior and interior surfaces. You will find granite in the form of kitchen countertops, paving stones, building veneer, granite tiles, and cemetery monuments.
Where Does Granite Come From?
So, how is granite formed? In a signal sentence, Granite comes from deep down from the Earth. Deep into the Earth’s crust, there are melted rocks and magma. After millions of years, the molten rocks cool down, get hardened, and then appear on the surface of the Earth.
Now, where is granite found? Granite comes from various granite quarries all across the world in a variety of unique colours and patterns. Depending on the region of its extraction, granite stone will have different densities, patterns, and designs. For instance, Chinese granite has a prominent brown colour, but if you need blue or pink colour granite, you need to get your hands on Brazilian granite. Besides China and Brazil, granite is also found in regions of India, Spain, Italy, Germany, Sweden, and North America.
How Is Granite Made?
We know granite comes from Earth’s crust, but instead of just blasting the precious mineral out of the ground, it is removed with the help of special drills and techniques.
– Quarrying Granite
Workers use long drills to extract granite from their mountainous quarries. Extractors use long drills to extract granite from the mountains without shattering the precious stones into pieces. Then the workers use jet piercing or water jets to detach the drilled blocks of granite from the rock bed. If the granite blocks are tightly affixed, extractors also use explosions to remove the blocks.
-Cut the Granite
A slab saw is used to cut large granite blocks into slabs. A slab saw is a special tool used to cut through the big granite blocks all at once, saving the workers much time and energy.
– Time To Treat The Granite
Once the blocks have been cut into slabs, they are sent to the warehouse, where they are polished with the help of a machine. At times manufacturers treat the slabs with resin to fill in the gaps, ensuring that the finishing looks great.
– Granite Come In Grades
Finally, granite is classified as low, medium, and high grades. The grades determine the thickness of the granite slab.
Granite Is A Durable Stone!
Granite is not only adored for its appealing look but is also preferred for its strength. Using industrial-grade granite for construction can increase the lifespan of the structure, making it a worthy one-time investment. It takes years and extreme pressure for granite to reach its final shape. This tough natural process makes granite strong and highly durable. Granite countertops are not only easy to maintain but won’t chip or scratch even after years of use. It is a unique stone with a diverse range of patterns and beautiful veining.